It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Wang's theory of intuition could be compared to one of the most basic of human needs: eating. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. The first one is both deal with god in relationships. Free essay sample on the given topic "History Of Newspaper". Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. Also known as “alternative medicine,” this practice can include a variety of spiritual activities such as meditation, acupuncture, and tai chi. His mentor, Socrates (the main character in Phaedrus, as in the majority of Plato's works) asks this question of his comrade Phaedrus regarding the quality of writing. (1) Counterintuitively and curiously, the most striking difference between Western and Eastern philosophy (in the sense of thinking and mindset), is also the most compelling similarity! Yoga is a systematic approach to spiritual realization. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related … Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . Web. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Greek philosopher Epictetus (c. 50-130 CE) said the same thing when he wrote, "It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances." The infant cries to let an adult know that it must be fed, and the child verbalizes that same need in words or deeds, such as saying, "I am hungry," or going to get something to eat. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. License. Both of these philosophers have exerted an enormous influence through their works, and both argue for the existence of innate knowledge; that human beings are born knowing right from wrong, and good from bad, and need only be encouraged to pursue goodness in order to live a fulfilling life. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY SWAMI KRISHNANANDA. Submitted by Emily Mark, published on 17 January 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Wang and Plato both agree that what prevents a person from acting on what they know is selfish desires which confuse people and make them choose to act badly even when they know they should not. The Individual. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Eastern medicine takes an entirely different approach from western, relying on the bond between mind, body and spirit. There is no difference in their fundamental ideas. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Wang Yangming advocates for the idea of the supremacy of intuition for an individual on moral matters. Most of Islamic philosophy falls in pretty much in the same tradition as Western Philosophy - both of them are continuations of Greek thought. The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. Not only does the evidence not support a dual, separate self that exists in isolation from other selves, materialist science has never been able to pin down a self. There is no division between eastern or western philosophy when it comes to the most basic questions of what it means to be a human being. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Bibliography Website: www.swami-krishnananda.org. Those arguing for radical incommensurability — the view that thequestions and answers in one tradition cannot sustain meaningfulstatement in the other tradition — rely on the recognition of radicaldifference in basic concepts and modes of inquiry. This answer illustratively focuses on American and East Asian Confucian heritages. Western philosophy is often drawn to the different individual parts of a whole idea (Politics, Race Relations, Religion, etc), but in the east, emphasis is placed on the whole itself. 20 Dec 2020. This refers to the popular understanding that eastern philosophy - specifically Chinese philosophy - addresses the whole of human existence while western philosophy - beginning with the Greeks - only focuses on certain aspects of the human condition. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." (2) ‘Western’ and ‘Eastern’ present very broad scopes. Plato asks the question, “What is good, and what is bad?” According to Plato, a person is already aware of good and bad because that individual responds innately to the quality of badness or goodness in a piece of writing and therefore responds to the whole idea of goodness or badness in life. In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. Eastern philosophy is a great deal more popular than its Western counterpart. Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?" There are many similarities between eastern and western philosophy. Free essay sample on the given topic "Dream Family". The love of wisdom knows no separate region; philosophy defies all boundaries and every kind of petty regional definition. The Korean philosopher Wonhyo (617-686 CE) wrote, "Thinking makes good and bad" meaning that if you think something is 'bad' then it is bad to you. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Differences between the philosophies of the east and west Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 17 Jan 2016. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Eastern Philosophy Western Philosophy Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. The two philosophers agree on the matter that a person must know what is good for them to pursue the good. Free essay sample on the given topic "Role Of Technology In Economic Development". Philosophy is often divided into two very broad categories, Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy. Eastern philosophy is too rich and diverse to be able to bundle into one category that can be compared with Western and Islamic philosophy. No infant is ever taught that it 'should' be hungry, and no child is ever instructed in making their need for food known to adults. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! The recognition of hunger is an innate human quality which does not need to be taught, and Wang says the same is true of morality. The Divine Life Society . One could compare the fundamental ideas of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE) with those of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) and find they are presenting the same basic concepts. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. These are arbitrary distinctions which totally miss the underlying, and essentially identical, aims of eastern and western philosophy. Further illustration of the above philosophies by Plato and Wang points out the similarity. Free essay sample on the given topic "American Psycho". Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Written by academic experts with 10 years of experience. Ancient Greek philosophy is a system of thought, first developed... Mencius (l. 372-289 BCE also known as Mang-Tze or Mang-Tzu... Yang Zhu (l. 440-360 BCE, also known as Yang Chou... Rene Descartes (1596-1650 CE) was a French mathematician, natural... Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China... Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. ... Understanding Eastern Philosophy. In Western society, the individual rules. We need you to be detailed. All that must be taught is how to apply that innate knowledge appropriately, in the same way that a child is taught the appropriate way to ask for food. The fundamental purpose of philosophy is to find meaning in one's life and purpose to one's path, and there is no major difference between eastern and western philosophy according to that understanding. Eastern philosophy consists mainly of Asian philosophies such as the Indian philosophies of Buddhism and Hinduism, the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism and the samurai tradition, and the Chinese philosophies of Confucianism, Taoism and Ch’an Buddhism (Moore & … A real life situation where eastern philosophy has influenced western philosophy is yoga. Use our samples but remember about PLAGIARISM! Conflicts of Interest Between Eastern and Western Scientific Systems. Related Content Another good example of illustration is the writings by Wonhyo, the Korean philosopher, and Epictetus, the Greek philosopher. From the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are similar. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is … Philosophers from the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophy SWAMI KRISHNANANDA Plato only! 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