It’s social equality. How does voicing your own values differ from voicing the values of a group or organization? “Freedom of Speech on Campus” explores how, in the wake of racially motivated offenses at Yale and the University of Missouri, student protesters voiced their values and sparked debate over the roles of free speech, deliberation, and tolerance on campus. …The law protects both of us.” A video capturing the confrontation went viral and sparked wider debate over the issue of freedom of speech in the protests at Missouri, Yale, and other college campuses. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/12/opinion/mizzou-yale-and-free-speech.html, ‘Justice is worth fighting for’: A Q&A with the graduate student whose hunger strike has upended the University of Missouri Daniel G. Arce. Allen wrote, “The issues of free speech matter, too, but they are leading people in the wrong direction, away from the deepest issue. Giving Voice to Values: How to Speak Your Mind When You Know What’s Right. Have you ever worked at a job where you faced ethically questionable behavior? We usually respond in one of two ways. It is this action question – how do I get the right thing done? Christakis debated what she described as an “institutional… exercise of implied control over college students,” asking, “Is there no room anymore for a child or young person to be a little bit obnoxious… a little bit inappropriate or provocative or, yes, offensive?” In response, many students signed an open letter to Christakis. 1. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/03/yale-silliman-race/475152/. Often times we know what is right from wrong but do we know how to explain it? Summary. So instead, with GVV, we FIRST ask: “WHAT IF you wanted to do the “right thing” in a particular situation and you believed you knew what it was? She later wrote, “I have a request for all companies: Please don’t try to silence employees who raise discrimination and harassment concerns. * How a leader raises values-based issues in an effective manner – what she/he needs to do to be heard and how to correct an existing course of action when necessary. For the experiment to have traction, the working hypotheses behind it must be explicit, so this chapter names our twelve starting assumptions and explains the reasoning and the stories behind them. Why or why not? The focus here is POST-decision-making. …I hope future cases prove me wrong and show that our community and our jurists have now developed a better understanding of how discrimination works in real life, in the tech world, in the press and in the courts.” Pao’s case has since been credited for inspiring others facing workplace discrimination to act; similar lawsuits have been filed against companies such as Facebook, Twitter, and Microsoft. Mary C. Gentile, who holds her PhD in humanities, directs the Giving. Controversy emerged after Erika Christakis, a white lecturer of early childhood education and associate master at one of the university’s residential colleges, sent an email to the students she resided over in which she objected to the call for sensitivity. On May 10, 2012, executive Ellen Pao filed a lawsuit against her employer, Silicon Valley-based tech venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (Kleiner Perkins), on grounds of gender discrimination. For the latest Darden thought leadership and practical insights, subscribe to the Darden Ideas to Action e-newsletter. Do you think Pao acted on her values effectively? The GVV videos may be watched individually or sequentially. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/28/technology/ellen-pao-kleiner-perkins-case-decision.html, Kleiner Perkin Portrays Ellen Pao as Combative and Resentful in Sex Bias Trial * Practice in providing peer feedback and coaching. Tensions were made worse after someone used feces to smear a swastika on a communal bathroom in a residence hall. 5. 7. Mary Gentile, through the University of Virginia Darden School of Business, is launching a new MOOC, “Ethical Leadership Through Giving Voice to Values,” an introduction to using the values-driven, action-oriented GVV approach in the workplace, business education and life. http://www.wired.com/2015/09/microsoft-gender-lawsuit/. Yet experience and research demonstrate that many of us will encounter values conflicts in our careers, when the way we want to live and the things we want to accomplish seem in conflict with the expectations of our clients, our peers, our bosses and/or our organizations. She became a junior investing partner, but after several years at the firm was passed over for a senior partner position and was eventually terminated. Don’t assume too little – or too much – commonality with the viewpoints of others. What did you do? To enhance our ability to enact our values, we have to know and practice the seven principles, or pillars, of GVV. Mary Gentile describes how GVV differs from other methods of teaching ethics in that it does not analyze what the right or wrong thing to do is. Yet they often fail to follow through for fear of negative repercussions, especially at work. Have you ever witnessed or been involved in a protest? 10. Abstract. For a discussion of the “GVV Starting Assumptions,” see Chapter One of Giving Voice to Values, “Giving Voice to Our Values: The Thought Experiment.”, A summary of the seven pillars of GVV may be downloaded here: An Action Framework for Giving Voice To Values—“The To-Do List.”, For further discussion of the GVV approach, see Mary Gentile’s article published in Organization Management Journal, “Values-Driven Leadership Development: Where We Have Been and Where We Could Go.”. This chapter demonstrates the use of Giving Voice to Values (GVV) within the context of real-world issues commonly found in the economics curriculum. “Full Disclosure: Manipulating Donors” examines the difficult position a student intern was in and how she struggled to voice her values. It then presents the integration and evaluation phase of a Project inspired by the GVV methodology, using a case study approach within two areas of an undergraduate nursing curriculum. The jury ruled 10 to 2 in favor of Kleiner Perkins on the first three claims, and 8 to 4 in favor of Kleiner Perkins on the fourth claim. Social movements must evolve or they die. Does the fact that she lost the lawsuit impact your reasoning? ), the ability to successfully voice our values and navigate these differences is crucial. Have you ever witnessed or experienced discrimination in the workplace? 9. * Opportunities to construct and practice responses to frequently heard reasons and rationalizations for not acting on one’s values. Copyright ©2020 The Rector And Visitors Of The University Of Virginia. How would you respond to the following statements: a. Available through Coursera, the four-week online course is free of charge ($79 for a course certificate). In addition to her roles as creator/director of Giving Voice to Values and professor of practice at Darden, Gentile is senior adviser at the Aspen Institute Business and Society Program and consults on management education and leadership development. http://time.com/4106265/yale-students-protest/, Mizzou, Yale, and Free Speech Journalists, commentators, and academics raised discussion over the roles of free speech, deliberation, and tolerance in the dialogue between student activists and university administrators. https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/11/11/theres-a-good-reason-protesters-at-the-university-of-missouri-didnt-want-the-media-around/, The New Intolerance of Student Activism We can approach the communication challenge with the same analytical and personal capabilities that we would use in any other situation, whether it is convincing our professor to give us an extension on our final paper or persuading our manager to extend a new product launch deadline. It’s very hard to stand up against the majority or against an authority in any situation, let alone an ethically charged one. Further, the legal team described how Pao and other women had been left out of certain meetings and gatherings. 1. And I think it’s important…to make those opportunities available in the future. 6. Members of minorities—whether black or transgender or (on many campuses) evangelical conservatives—should be able to feel a part of campus, not feel mocked in their own community.” Political theorist Danielle Allen, on the other hand, described the debate over freedom of speech as a distraction from the key issues of the protests. The series will be most useful if viewed in its entirety and with the introductory video. He decided to go on indefinite hunger strike until university system president, Tim Wolfe, was removed from office. To whom? Intro to GVV presents the “Giving Voice to Values” (GVV) approach to values-driven leadership development. In the fall of 2015, student groups on the campuses of the University of Missouri and Yale University led protests in the wake of a series of racially-motivated offenses that many students saw as part of a history of unsafe or hostile campus climates for students of color, particularly black students. Can you think of any situations in which such rehearsal or pre-scripting and practice has made it easier, or could make it easier for you to act upon your values effectively? For example, if our most effective style of communication is story-telling and the use of metaphor, we would likely want to play to our strengths, whether the topic is a moral conflict or not. 2. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/12/technology/kleiner-perkins-portrays-ellen-pao-as-combative-and-resentful-in-sex-bias-trial.html, Ellen Pao explains why she sued: “I wanted to make sure my story was told’ The Underlying Premise of “Giving Voice to Values” Across cultures, most people feel a strong sense of right and wrong. Distinctive features of the Giving Voice to Values curriculum include: Research and interviews reveal that there are many different ways to voice our values: looking for a win/win solution, changing the boss’ mind through persuasion and logic, going over the boss’ head within the organization, building coalitions of like-minded employees, and so on. How do Erika Christakis’ actions to voice values compare to Jonathan Butler’s actions to voice values? Giving Voice to Values is learning about how to act on your values effectively – not about wondering whether you could. Being Your Best Self, Part 1: Moral Awareness, Being Your Best Self, Part 2: Moral Decision Making, Being Your Best Self, Part 3: Moral Intent, Being Your Best Self, Part 4: Moral Action, Ethical Leadership, Part 1: Perilous at the Top, Ethical Leadership, Part 2: Best Practices, Curbing Corruption: GlaxoSmithKline in China. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. "Giving Voice to Values" is not just a book but an in depth analysis and consideration of what makes each of us consider what is the "right thing to do". The point here is that just because we are addressing a question of values and ethics does not mean that we need to preach. If you’ve ever kept silent against your better judgement then Giving Voice to Values is an ideal read. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/03/27/technology/document-ellen-pao-kleiner-perkins-suit-verdict-form-and-jury-instructions.html, A Juror Speaks About His Vote for Kleiner Perkins but Still Wants the Firm to ‘Be Punished’ 4. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-real-issue-at-mizzou-and-yale-isnt-free-speech-its-social-equality/2015/11/12/0ead3a34-8956-11e5-be8b-1ae2e4f50f76_story.html, At U. of Missouri and Yale, obstruction of free speech Think through the seven pillars of GVV in relation to the case study above. Describe an ethical dilemma or values conflict that you have faced in your work or personal life. Full TPSM Case: Defending the Freedom of Tweets? Reddit Digg Google+ Tumblr Stumbleupon. Kleiner Perkins claimed that Pao was paid more than her male counterparts, including bonuses and training. Freelance journalist Terrell Jermaine Starr, in defense of the protesters, wrote: “This wasn’t a problem with Tai’s character or his journalistic integrity; he was doing his job… but reporters should also feel a responsibility to try to understand and respect [the protesters’] pain…” Starr continued: “In many communities that historically have been marginalized and unfairly portrayed by the media, there’s good reason people do not trust journalists: They often criminalize black people’s pain and resistance to racial oppression.” Suzanne Nossel, executive director of PEN American Center, defended free speech as a crucial driver of social justice reform: “[Without] free speech, the “safe spaces” students crave will soon suffocate them. Yet experience and research demonstrate that many of us will encounter values conflicts in our careers, when the way we want to live and the things we want to accomplish seem in conflict with the expectations of our clients, our peers, our bosses and/or our organizations. This book identifies the many ways that individuals can voice their values in the workplace. This is us asking for basic respect of our cultures and our livelihoods.” During a protest, a student confronted Christakis’s husband, Nicholas Christakis, a professor at Yale and master of one of the residential colleges. Explain. Her approach focuses on action rather than an attempt to use ethical theories or use ethical decision models. What do you think is an ethically ideal way to encourage dialogue and equality on college and university campuses? How might the GVV approach be useful in other contexts, besides career or work life? http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2015/03/ellen-pao-wanted-a-multimillion-dollar-payout-kleiner-lawyers-contend/, Ellen Pao asked for a $10 million payment from Kleiner Perkins as the cost of ‘not fixing problems’ Do you agree with Gentile? Giving Voice to Values is, in my opinion, an excellent book that first explains the differences between values, ethics, or morals and how you can comfortably act upon your own values in ethics using seven “concepts” or “pillars.” These include values, choice, normality, purpose, self-knowledge, self-image, and alignment, voice, and lastly, reasons and rationalizations. 8. Each video in the GVV series introduces and explains one of the GVV pillars. Privacy Policy, Creator/Director, Giving Voice to Values; Professor of Practice, Economic Inequality, Part 1: Where We Are and Why, EPIC: An Effectuation Boot Camp for Startups in Bangalore, 11 Key Characteristics of a Global Business Leader, A Sense of Entitlement: From Childhood to the Workplace, Cat or Meerkat Culture? 4. Religious Identity Threats at Work, Virtual Reality in the Workplace: Communicating Through Avatars, 5 Building Blocks and the New Story of Business, Giving Voice to Values: How to Counter Rationalizations Rationally, A focus on positive examples of times when folks have found ways to voice, and thereby implement, their values in the workplace, An emphasis on the importance of finding an alignment between one’s individual sense of purpose and that of the organization (which involves self-assessment and focus on individual strengths), The opportunity to construct and practice responses to the most frequently heard reasons and rationalizations for not acting on one’s values, The opportunity to build commitment by providing repeated opportunities for participants to practice delivering their responses and to learn to provide peer feedback and coaching to enhance effectiveness. http://www.wired.com/2015/03/ellen-pao-kleiner-verdict/, Pao’s Alleged Firing Could Hurt Kleiner Perkins in Retaliation Suit Giving Voice to Values presents an intuitionist approach based on the idea that most people would like to provide input in times of ethical conflict using their own values (Gentile 2010a). 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